Australian Citizenship and Passports

A very odd state of affairs recounted in Bruce Moore’s Speaking our Language: The Story of Australian English:

In 1949, Labor Prime Minister Chifley, in the Nationality and Citizenship Act, created the term ‘Australian citizen’ (prior to this Australians were merely British subjects), and created an Australian passport to replace the British passport that Australians until then had carried on overseas travel. In 1949, incoming Liberal Prime Minister Menzies revoked the Australian passport, and until 1973 Australians continued to carry a passport labelled ‘British passport’.

Eco the Bibliomane

Reading Foucault’s Pendulum is a humbling experience for anybody who considers themselves remotely knowledgeable. Umberto Eco, I doff my hat to your erudition.

prior (n):

  1. an officer in a monastic order or religious house, sometimes next in rank below an abbot.
  2. a chief magistrate, as in the medieval republic of Florence.

telluric (adj):

  1. of or relating to Earth; terrestrial.
  2. derived from or containing tellurium, especially with valence 6.

apothegm (n): a short, pithy, instructive saying; a terse remark or aphorism.

zeugma (n): the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in to wage war and peace or On his fishing trip, he caught three trout and a cold.

sefirot (n): in Kabbalah, the ten attributes that God created through which he can manifest not only in the physical but the metaphysical universe.

stylite (n): one of a class of solitary ascetics who lived on the top of high pillars or columns.

simoom (n): a strong, hot, sand-laden wind of the Sahara and Arabian deserts.

Baphomet (n): an idol or symbolical figure which the Templars were accused of using in their mysterious rites.

reliquary (n): a repository or receptable for relics.

proscenium (n):

  1. the area of a modern theater that is located between the curtain and the orchestra.
  2. the stage of an ancient theater, located between the background and the orchestra.
  3. a proscenium arch.

fauteuils (n): an upholstered armchair, esp. one with open sides.

Calvary (n):

  1. Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified. Luke 23:33.
  2. (often lowercase) a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, usually erected in the open air.
  3. (lowercase) an experience or occasion of extreme suffering, esp. mental suffering.

thurible (n): a censer used in certain ecclesiastical ceremonies or liturgies.

purulent (adj): full of, containing, forming or discharging pus.

vermeil (n):

  1. vermilion red.
  2. metal, as silver or bronze, that has been gilded.

decan (n): any of the three divisions of ten degrees within a sign of the zodiac.

caprine (n): of or pertaining to goats.

immure (v): to enclose within walls; confine.

conventicle (n): a secret or uanuthorised meeting, especially for religious worship, as those held nuy Protestant dissenters in England in the 16th and 17th centures.

bibliomane (n): bibliophile.

grimoire (n): a manual of black magic (for invoking spirits and demons).

stria (n):

  1. a slight or narrow furrow, ridge, stripe or streak, especially one of a number in parallel arrangement.
  2. (architecture) a flute on the shaft of a column.

kermis, kermesse (n): a local, annual outdoor fair or festival, often for charitable purposes.